This resource contains information, data, documents, pages and images ('the material') prepared by the NSW Department of Education and Communities. The material is subject to copyright under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), and it is owned by the State of New South Wales through the Department of Education and Communities although it may contain material that is owned by other parties.

The Department of Education and Communities encourages the availability, dissemination and exchange of public information. You may copy, distribute, display, download and otherwise freely deal with the material for any purpose, on the condition that you include the copyright notice '© State of New South Wales through the Department of Education and Communities' on all uses.

You must, however, obtain permission from the Department if you wish to:

  • charge others for access to the work (other than at cost)

  • include all or part of the work in advertising or a product for sale, or

  • modify all or part of the work.

To obtain such permission please contact the Department of Education and Communities.

You may publish the material to another website, however if you publish an entire document or publication, we prefer you to make a direct link to this website to ensure that the latest version is always displayed.


In compiling the information contained in and accessed through this resource, the Department of Education and Communities has used its best endeavours to ensure that the information is correct and current at the time of publication but takes no responsibility for any error, omission or defect therein.

To the extent permitted by law, the Department, its employees, agents and consultants exclude all liability for any loss or damage (including indirect, special or consequential loss or damage) arising from the use of, or reliance on the information contained herein, whether caused or not by any negligent act or omission. If any law prohibits the exclusion of such liability, the Department limits its liability to the extent permitted by law, for the resupply of the information.

Third party sites

This resource may contain links to third party websites and resources. The Department is not responsible for the condition or content of these sites or resources as they are not under the control of the Department.


Although this resource is copyright NSW Department of Education and Communities it may contain material which is not owned by the Department. We would like to acknowledge the new Australian curriculum syllabuses and supporting material developed by the Board of Studies NSW, some minor portions of which may have been reproduced in this resource. We would also like to acknowledge an extract from Leadership for differentiating schools and classrooms, Tomlinson, C.A. and Allan, S.D., (2000) published by ASCD.

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This material is licensed under the National Educational Access Licence for Schools (NEALS). Schools administered or represented by parties to NEALS may freely reproduce and/or make available online or electronically transmit this material in whole or part for educational uses.